Security guards maintain the safety and security of a facility or premises. They are responsible for preventing criminal activity, responding to emergencies, and ensuring the safety of individuals and property. However, security guards are also bound by laws and regulations that define their scope of authority and limit their actions. 


They are responsible for protecting individuals and property, preventing criminal activity, and responding to emergencies. But people have many questions like, Can security guard touch you? They are authorised to take specific actions, such as detaining individuals and conducting searches, but laws and regulations also limit them. Security guards must be well-trained and knowledgeable about their duties and responsibilities to ensure that they can protect the premises and individuals under their care. They keep security in busy commercial spaces, event arenas, and other public venues. Businesses depend on the presence of a security team to deter criminal activity such as vandalism, theft, and assault, and visitors depend on the services of security guards to make sure that they’re protected too.

Responsibilities Of Security Guards:

The duties and responsibilities of a security guard will differ depending on the type of place or premises they are protecting. There are many things security guards do and can’t do. Some of the responsibilities are:

Patrolling The Premises:

Security guards play a crucial role in patrolling the premises to maintain the safety and security of a facility or property. The mere presence of a security guard actively patrolling the premises acts as a deterrent to potential criminals. Knowing that security personnel are vigilant and actively monitoring the area can discourage individuals from engaging in illegal activities.

Responding To Emergencies:

Security guards are often the first to notice and respond when an emergency occurs. They quickly assess the situation to determine the nature and severity of the emergency, such as a fire, medical incident, or security breach. Security guards promptly contact emergency services, such as the police, fire department, or medical personnel, to report the situation and provide critical information. They relay accurate details about the emergency, including the location, type of incident, and any specific hazards or risks. In emergencies, you should be aware can security guards search you.

Checking Identification:

Security guards check identification to ensure that individuals entering a specific area or facility have the authorised access or privileges to do so. In the identification process, people are willing to know can security guard touch you. This process helps maintain security, protect against potential threats, and enforce rules and regulations. Security guards examine the identification documents presented by individuals to determine their authenticity. Typical forms of identification include government-issued ID cards, driver’s licences, passports, or access control cards specific to the premises. Security guards check for features like security holograms, watermarks, expiration dates, and the overall appearance and condition of the document.

Enforcing Rules and Regulations: 

Security guards receive comprehensive training and familiarise themselves with the rules and regulations applicable to their assigned area or facility. This includes understanding access control policies, safety protocols, restricted areas, and specific guidelines or procedures.


Visible presence and deterrence: Security guards maintain a visible presence in the area they are responsible for, which serves as a deterrent to potential rule violators. The mere existence of a security guard can discourage individuals from engaging in unauthorised activities or behaviours.

Reporting Incidents:

When you are concerned with knowing what security guard do and can’t do, you should be aware that reporting incidents is important for documenting, initiating appropriate responses, and ensuring follow-up actions are taken. When an incident occurs, security guards are often the first to respond. They assess the situation, ensure the safety of individuals involved, and take necessary actions to mitigate risks or provide initial assistance.

What Security Guards Can Do And Can’t Do:

Specific duties and limitations of security guards may vary depending on the jurisdiction, the organisation, and applicable laws or regulations. Security guards should always operate within the boundaries of their training, authority, and the laws governing their work.

Security Guard Can Do:

  • Security guards can communicate with individuals, colleagues, and authorities to report incidents, suspicious activities, or security concerns. They can provide accurate and timely information to assist in investigations and maintain documentation of incidents.
  • Security guards can perform inspections of individuals, bags, or vehicles entering or exiting the premises as part of their duty to maintain security and prevent unauthorised items or activities.
  • Security guards can monitor and patrol their assigned premises to deter potential criminal activities, ensure the safety of individuals, and protect property.
  • Security guards have the authority to enforce rules and regulations specific to the area they are responsible for, such as access control policies, visitor management procedures, and safety protocols.

Can Security Guard Touch You?

Security guards generally have limited authority to touch individuals and should do so only in specific circumstances and within the bounds of the law. Security guards may use reasonable force, including physical contact, to protect themselves, others, or property from immediate harm or danger.  In certain situations, security guards may be authorised to detain individuals suspected of committing a crime or violating specific rules or regulations. Security guards may provide physical assistance, such as helping someone injured or in distress during an emergency.

Can Security Guard Search You?

Security guards may conduct searches in certain circumstances, but their authority is typically limited and subject to specific conditions. In some cases, security guards may be authorised to search without consent if they have reasonable grounds to suspect that you are involved in illegal activities or violating specific rules or regulations. In certain high-security environments or sensitive areas, security guards may have the authority to conduct searches as a condition of entry.

Security Guard Can’t Do:

Here are general guidelines outlining what security guards can’t do:

  • Security guards are not law enforcement officers unless specifically authorised and licensed. They do not have the same legal authority as police officers and cannot enforce laws beyond the scope of their designated role.
  • While security guards can detain individuals in specific circumstances, such as in cases of shoplifting or trespassing, they generally cannot make arrests unless explicitly authorised by law and accompanied by law enforcement officers.
  • They typically do not carry firearms unless authorised and licensed to do so.
  • Security guards can only conduct searches of individuals, belongings, or private property with proper consent, a warrant, or other legal authority. 

End Verdict:

Understanding the roles and responsibilities of security guards is crucial in maintaining a safe and secure environment. Security guards, including those in the security services london, have a range of authorised actions they can take to fulfil their duties.


If you have security needs or require professional services in London, don’t hesitate to give us a call today. You can obtain personalised guidance and access to expert security solutions tailored to your specific requirements by contacting the relevant security forces or agencies.